Properties Considered Situated in the Philippines:
1. Franchise which must be exercised in the Philippines.
2. Shares, obligations or bonds issued by corporation or sociedad anonima organized or
constituted in the Philippines.
3. Shares, obligations or bonds issued by a foreign corporation eighty- five per centum of
the business of, which is located in the Philippines.
4. Shares, obligations or bonds issued by a foreign corporation if such shares,
obligations or bonds have acquired a business situs in the Philippines.
5. Shares or rights in any partnership, business or industry established in the
Composition of the Gross Estate:
1. Real and personal property, whether tangible or intangible or mixed.
2. Decedent's interest in property.
3. Proceeds of life insurance.
4. Taxable transfers.
5. Transfers for insufficient consideration.
E. Proceeds of Life Insurance:
1. Includable in gross estate:
a) Revocable beneficiary.
b) Appointed beneficiary is the estate, executor or administrator.
2. Not includable in gross estate:
a) Received from the GSIS and SSS.
F. Taxable Transfers:
1. Transfer in contemplation of death (3-year presumption repealed by
PD 1705, 8/1/80)
2. Transfer with retention or reservation of certain rights.
3. Revocable transfer.
4. Transfers of property under general power of appointment.
a) Existence of general power of appointment held by the decedent.
b) Exercise of such power by the decedent by will or by deed
intended to take effect upon death.
c) Passing of property by virtue of such death.
5. Transfers for insufficient consideration.
a) Covers only the excess of the fair market value over the value
of the consideration.
b) Transfer was made in contemplation of death, otherwise will be
subject to donors's tax,
G. Kinds of Property:
1. By Nature:
a) Real or immovable property.
b) Personal property, tangible or intangible.
2. By Ownership:
a) Exclusive capital or paraphernal property.
b) Conjugal or community property.
H. Valuation of Gross Estate or
1. Valuation date - Time of death or gift.
2. Basis of valuation:
a) Real properties (land)
1) Prior to August 31, 1969 - Comm. Act 466
2) September 1, 1969 to August 13, 1974 -R.A.
3) August 14, 1974 to November 24, 1976 - PD
4) November 25, 1976 to December 31, 1985 - PD
5) January 1, 1986 - Present - PD 1994
1) June 10, 1986 to February 4, 1988 - RAMO
2) February 5, 1988 to February 18, 1991 - RAMO
3) February 19, 1991 to 1994 - RAMO 2-91
4) 1994-FMV per TD (Latest TD)
c) Shares of stocks, obligations or bonds - RAMO 1-82
d) Usufruct, annuities, use or habitation - Formula using
American Tropical Experience Table. Beginning January 1,
the valuation shall take into account the probable life of
the beneficiary in accordance with the latest Basic
e) Foreign currency and cash in bank - Peso value at exchange
rate at the time of death.
f) Other personal properties - Fair market value at the time of death.
I. Personal Properties:
1. Shares of stocks, bonds and securities.
2. Interest in partnerships, business or industry.
3. Cash on hand and in banks.
4. Machineries, transportation equipments, farm implements, tools,
farm animals, etc.
5. Antiques, jewelry, silverware, paintings, etchings, engravings, books,
statues, vases, oriental rugs, collection of stamps and coins.
6. Household furnitures, fixtures, appliances and other personal effects.
7. Usufruct, annuities, use or habitation.
8. Mortgage notes, participation certificates, judgements, obligations
and action which have for their object movables or demandable
9. Goodwill, patents, and trademarks.
J. Exclusions and Exemption
from the Gross Estate:
1. Exempted under Special Laws and Exemptions by Omission:
a) GSIS proceeds/benefits
b) Accruals from SSS
c) Proceeds of life insurance where the beneficiary is irrevocably
d) Proceeds of life insurance under a group insurance taken by the
employer (Not taken out by the decedent upon his own life)
e) WAR damage payments.
f) USVA -RA 136.
g) Properties held in trust by decedent.
h) Transfer by way of bonafide sales.
i) Transfer of property to the National Government or to any of
its political subdivisions.
j) Separate property of the surviving spouse.
2. Exempted under the Tax Code:
a) Merger of usufruct in the owner of the naked title.
b) Transmission or delivery of the inheritance or legacy by the
fiduciary heir or legatee to the fideicommissary.
c) Transmission from the first heir, legatee or donee in favor of
another beneficiary in accordance with the desire of
d) All bequests, devises, legacies or transfers to social
welfare,cultural and charitable institutions, no part
of the net
income of which inures to the benefit of any
that not more than 30% of which shall be used for
purposes (PD 507, 1974)
K. Allowable Deductions:
1. Expenses, losses, indebtedness and taxes:
a) Funeral expenses:
1) CA 466 (July 1, 1939) - 5% of gross estate
2) PD 69 (January 1, 1973) - 5% of gross estate but
3) RA 7499 (July 28, 1992)- 5% of gross estate but
4) RA 8424 (January 1, 1998)- 5% of gross estate but not
b) Judicial expenses.
c) Claims against the estate
d) Claims against insolvent persons
e) Unpaid mortgages or indebtedness
f) Unpaid taxes
2. Transfer for public purposes
3. Vanishing deduction (Property previously taxed)
a) Present decedent must have died within five (5) years from the
date of death of prior decedent or date of
b) The property with respect to which deduction is claimed must
have formed part of the gross estate situated
in the Philippines
of the prior decedent or taxable gift of the
c) The property must be identified as the same property received
from the prior decedent or donor or the one received
d) The estate taxes on the gift must have been finally determined
e) No vanishing deduction on the property was allowed to the prior